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Here’s a glance at how malware and ransomware work and what individuals will do if they fall victim to attacks.
What is malware and ransomware?
|Image Source Phys.org|
How ransomware attacks on your computer?
In most cases, the code infects computers through links or attachments in malicious messages referred to as phishing emails.
“The antique recommendation is to never click on a suspicious link in an email,” said jerome Segura, a senior malware intelligence scientist at Malwarebytes, a San Jose-based company that has released anti-ransomware software. “The plan is to do to trick the victim into running a malicious piece of code.”
The code typically is hidden inside links or attachments in emails. Once the user clicks on the link or opens the document, their pc is infected and therefore the code takes over.
How ransomware works?
“Ransomware, just like the name suggests, is when your files are held for ransom,”. It finds all of your files and encrypts them and then leaves you a message. If you wish to decode them, you have to pay.”
The ransomware encrypts information on the pc using an encoding key that only the assaulter is aware of. If the ransom is not paid, the information is often lost forever.
When the ransomware takes over a pc, the attackers are pretty explicit in their demands. In most cases, they modify the wallpaper of the pc and provides specific directions telling the user how to pay to recover their files. Most attackers demand between $300 and $500, mostly in bitcoin, to get rid of the malicious ransomware; the price will double if the amount is not paid within 24 hours.
Law enforcement officials have discouraged individuals from paying these ransoms.